It is very important to keep in mind that a risk foot is not just the foot that has an injury (sore, wound, infection, UPP or amputation) at the present time. A risk foot is a foot that is associated with underlying diseases, and there are studies published where it is reported that a high percentage of patients may have symptoms in their feet.
These patients have to have exhaustive care by the medical team, to treat, but not less important, to prevent these injuries from appearing. In the field of podiatry, it is recommended that the patient's sensitivity be taken into account by performing periodic sensitivity tests and chiropractic treatments in order to avoid ulcerations below a hyperkeratotic lesion.
Within this field we can find:
DIABETIC FOOT: It is the best known and currently society is gradually becoming aware that the podiatrist along with health personnel must work together to maintain specific care. It is a chronic disease that affects 4% of the Spanish population. According to the definition of the WHO, diabetes is a chronic disease that appears when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body does not effectively use the insulin it produces.
NEUROPATHIC FOOT: Neurological affectation derived from the foot can affect the biomechanics of walking, balance and sensitivity of the foot. It can make it difficult to wear shoes, walk, go up or down stairs or lose muscle tone.
The best known neurological pathology associated with the foot is Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. Knowing these pathologies and diagnosing them early is very important for successful treatment.
RHEUMATIC FOOT: Feet with rheumatic affections and outbreaks present mostly joint deviations. These deviations may cause friction with the shoes and increased pressure in different points. The chiropodist must take specific care of this, using personalized orthoses to redistribute loads or silicone to protect the areas or correct the affectations that we find reducible.